How to create UDP connection?

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The User datagram Protocol is one of the main protocols of the Internet protocol suite.UDP helps the host to send send messages in the form of datagrams to another host which is present in a Internetprotocol network without any kind of requirement for channel transmission setup. UDP provides a unreliable service and the datagrams may arrive out of order,appear duplicated, or go missing without notice. UDP assumes that error checking and correction is either not necessary or performed in the application, avoiding the overhead of such processing at the network interface level. Time-sensitive applications often use UDP because dropping packets is preferable to waiting for delayed packets, which may not be an option in a real-time system.

Now we will learn how to create a UDP connection in network simulator.

1    # setup a UDP connection

2    set udp [new Agent/UDP]

3    $ns attach-agent $n1 $udp

4    $set null [new Agent/Null]

5    $ns attach-agent $n5 $null

6    $ns connect $udp $null

7    $udp set fid_2

Similarly,the command 'set udp [new Agent/UDP]' gives a pointer called 'udp' which indicates the udp agent which is a object of ns.Then the command '$ns attach-agent $n1 $udp' defines the source node of udp connection. Next the command 'set null [new Agent/Null]' defines the destination of udp by a pointer called null. The next command '$ns attach-agent $n5 $null' defines the destination node as n5.Next, the command '$ns connect $udp $null' makes the UDP connection between the source and the destination.i.e n1 and n5.When we have several flows such as TCP,UDP etc in a network. So, to identify these flows we mark these flows by using the command '$udp set fid_2.

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